Some businessmen may wonder about importing from Turkey, due to several factors that made Turkey one of the most sought-after countries in the world in general and Arab countries in particular in import, due to the quality and diversity of Turkish industries that cover many of the needs of the global market, in addition to their competitive prices that with all the challenges, Turkey competes with many countries, including China, in various industries such as textile industries, food industries, building materials, and other diverse industries.
Turkey's strategic location in the middle of the old world's continents and its great supervision over the Mediterranean Sea, the Dardanelles, and the Bosphorus gave Turkey strategic importance in the field of transportation speed and costs.
For this unprecedented demand, we will explain in detail the import from Turkey and its stages. And we will answer this urging question from the moment it comes to mind until the goods reach the borders of the buyer’s country.
The first and most important thing is to determine the product to be imported, which is self-evident, but the matter is not limited to selection, but there must be a complete study of the product in terms of its demand in the local market, its specifications, prices, the possibility of competition in it, or its importance in the production proses.
If the material to be imported is semi-manufactured, its detailed specifications and how to use it in the production proses must be known.
This study requires that these matters be fulfilled, and then the required quantities and technical specifications of the product are accurately determined and the order list that includes the materials to be imported is written.
In the second stage, the journey to search for the product begins, starting through the Internet from the websites of companies, factories and social networking sites for these companies, but finding manufacturers directly is a very difficult task, and it may take a lot of time, especially since manufacturers in Turkey do not care much about their Digital presence and research on the ground is more difficult wasting a lot of efforts in addition to wasting a lot of money.
The best solution here is to communicate with professional commercial intermediary to save effort, time and even money, as the brokers will give you many options in addition to competitive prices because most of these offices are contracted with the producers what makes the prices as same.
After finding suppliers from factories and brokers, a list of orders that includes the types of goods, their technical specifications and the required quantities are sent to them to obtain quotations. It is preferable to obtain a number ranging between three and five quotations, and they may be from more than one source. The trade offices can secure more than one quotation.
It is not advisable to increase the price offers, even if it seems like a good idea, because the mentioned number of price offers for one list is sufficient to take a complete picture of the market, and not to waste a lot of time and effort, and it may cause a lot of options to confuse the buyer’s mind.
It is very important before deciding to import and after obtaining price lists of the required goods to know the costs of transporting these goods and to determine the means of transport to be used, which rise and fall depending on the size of the shipment and the destination of the buyer's country.
Of course, in most cases, the shipping method is the sea because it is optimal in terms of costs and time. It is also possible to transport by land as an alternative option, but its costs is greater and consume more time. Therefore, land transport is not preferred except in the cases of countries neighboring Turkey such as Iraq and Syria.
In special cases, air transportation is carried out due to its extreme speed, but the cost of air transportation is very high, and there are many conditions for doing it such as the limited quantity allowed in one load and the types of imported materials.
And the shipping process is either done by communicating with shipping companies by the importer, where they receive the goods from the Turkish ports and deliver them to their desired destination by direct communication with the importer or rely on commercial intermediaries in this task and thus they take care of all the import process from A to Z because of their contract with certain shipping companies that facilitate the process a lot.
After obtaining price lists from suppliers and shipping prices, the prices are compared based on quality and technical specifications, and a decision is made to determine the supplier to be dealt with.
If the customer does not want to come, it is possible to employ an approved commercial control company to supervise the goods and the import process, whether it is from a factory or a commercial intermediary. The importer may not need all this if he deals with a reliable supplier.
In general, most suppliers accept payment in cash, money transfers, bank transfers or bank mediation. As for bank mediation, it is to make the bank an intermediary that guarantees the two parties rights, and the bank charges from 2% to 5% for this service of the total amounts to be transferred.
In many cases, the importer uses the bank credit for the first time because he does not trust the supplier, and once he obtains confidence, he adopts one of the other payment methods. Payment is often in two stages: the first stage is when the commodity is approved for reservation or to manufacture it in case it is not in stock and is usually half of the total amount and the second stage before shipment the other half is paid.
As for the paperwork and the required papers, in the case of dealing with a intermediary office, it will secures and prepares them in full, the papers differ from one country to another. The importer must deal with a customs clearance company in the importing country or have a company with financial accountants who clear customs for him, but the papers that are mainly in The import transactions are the document of ownership of the goods, the invoice of the goods, the inventory list of the goods, and the rest of the papers related to the requirements of the countries and the rules of customs clearance in them.
Thus, the import journey from Turkey begins with determining the type of goods to be imported and defining their technical specifications and quantity, then communicating with suppliers in Turkey either via the Internet or in person, followed by requesting price lists from suppliers and studying shipping prices and how, comes after This is the decision stage, where the supplier to be dealt with is determined, and then half of the right of the goods is initially paid, either in cash or through bank mediation in case of import for the first time.
Goods that are under manufacture or in stores are supervised either by the commercial intermediary in case of trust in him or personally or by employing an external control company.
After the goods are fully prepared and before loading, the second and final batch is made and all the required papers are obtained in the buyer's country for customs transactions, and then the goods journey begins until it reaches the customer's hands to the borders of his country, where he is responsible for customs licensing and entry.